Sweet Corn is among the most popular of vegetables. Sweet corn is a variety of maize which can be grown throughout the year. The freshly picked cobs, cooked seconds after harvest, taste terrific. The sweet, tender cobs are delicious when boiled briefly and topped with melted butter and eaten straight off the cob. Sweet corn really contains excellent nutritional value and is a source of fiber and vitamin B, also it is a gluten-free cereal. Just soak the ears, husk and all, in a bucket of water for a couple of hours. Then, cook it on your grill, turning regularly. When it's done, pull off the husk, eat and enjoy!
Type of vegetable: Seed – bearing
Edible parts: Seeds on ears
DIRECTION OF USE
Best soil: Sweet corn is unfussy about soil conditions, but it needs to drain well and requires a sunny site. It should be fertile, with a good dressing of balanced fertiliser applied before planting.
How to plant: Grow corn in full sun and a rich garden soil. Plant corn seeds in rows, about 1/2 to 1 inch deep. Space young plants 4 to 6 inches apart in rows 3 feet apart. Some home gardeners will plant two seeds close together then, thin out one of them if both grow. Corn can also be planted in hills spaced 3 feet apart. Sow at least 2 rows of corns for pollination (3 or 4 rows are better). Young plants should be spaced 35 cm apart in blocks to assist fertilisation. They should be earthed up when they are about 30 cm high, to support them against wind and encourage the formation of extra feeding roots. Water well after planting, and again two to four days later if there has been no rain.
When to harvest: Ranges from 65 to 95 days depending on variety. Without taking it off the plant, pull back the husk just enough to expose the tip of the ear. If it is not ripe, close it back up and tie a "twister" around it to seal out the bugs. Corn is ready when the silk has dried and turned a dark brown. Check sweet corn for maturity when the silks turn brown by piercing a kernel. A milky liquid in the kernels is a sign of ripeness; test for it by puncturing a kernel with your fingernail. Use immediately after harvesting, the cobs which are tender, nutritious and pleasantly sweet. Corn loses it's flavor very rapidly. Once it is picked, the sugars immediately begin to turn to starch.
How to harvest: Corn is at it's best when the kernels have just filled out. It is best to pick corn just before eating. If you need to store it, harvest corn in the morning when it is at it's peak sweetness. Pull ears down, while twisting, to break them off the plant. It helps to hold the cornstalk with your free hand. This avoids breaking the stalk of the plant.
Care: Keep soil evenly moist, don’t let soil dry out once ears start to form silks. Apply a high nitrogen fertilizer when plants are 12” to 15” tall and again when they are 30” tall. Fertilize with a general purpose fertilizer every two to three weeks. Water regularly in dry weather Water deeply. Keep corn plants well weeded in their early life. Place mulch between the rows to keep weeds down
Keep away from children and pets.
Store in cool and dry place away from direct sunlight.